Individuals and Societies


Group 3 – Individuals and Societies

Business Management
Economics (Online)
ITGS (Online) Philosophy (Online)
Psychology (Online)

Business Management 

Business Management (SL and HL)
Course Guide for Graduates in 2017
Business and Management focus is the developing of critical thinking, analytical and decision-making skills in relation to individuals and groups. In particular the course focuses on these skills and ideas in an international business environment.

The purpose of the course is to develop an understanding of business theory and principals, and to apply this knowledge in a variety of practical business situations. Skills required to understand the complex natural of international business, both in general and in specific, are taught and used. Business and Management has specific aims and objectives, which underpin the course at both SL and HL. These include:

  • The promotion of the importance of cultural perspectives, social, and ethical awareness
  • Developing a holistic view of the world of business
  • Developing skills in critical thinking and decision-making
  • Appreciation and understanding of the effect and necessity of change at all levels of business
  • Understanding the concepts of operating in a global market

Course outline:
There are five parts to the Business and Management course. The parts are listed here together, but will be taught in a different order over the two years, to allow for a gradual improvement in skills.

Part 1 Business organization and environment
This part aims to introduce students to businesses in general, what they are and what role and functions they perform.

  • Introduction to business management
  • Types of organizations
  • Organizational objectives
  • Stakeholders
  • External environment
  • Growth and evolution
  • Organizational planning tools (HL only)

Part 2 Human resource management
Human Resource Management (HRM) refers to the management function of using and developing people within a business in order to meet the objectives of the organization. This will entail interrelated roles, including:

  • Function and evolution of human resource management’s organizational structure
  • Leadership and management
  • Motivation
  • Organizational (corporate) culture (HL only)
  • Industrial/employee relations (HL only)

Part 3 Finance and accounts
Keeping a close eye on and having effective systems to monitor inflows of revenue and outflows of expenditure is vital for any successful business. Having established sources of finances for initial business funding, cash shortfalls and expansion plans are important. Topics to be covered are:

  • Sources of finance
  • Costs and revenues
  • Break-even analysis
  • Final accounts (extended topic in HL)
  • Profitability and liquidity ratio analysis
  • Efficiency ratio analysis (HL only)
  • Cash flow
  • Investment appraisal (extended topic in HL)
  • Budgets (HL only)

Part 4 Marketing
Marketing exists to address people’s needs and wants. It is all about making customers want to buy the products of a business rather than those of rival businesses. It therefore looks at the reasons behind people’s decisions, because ultimately marketing must serve the needs and wants of a customer – essential if a business is aiming at making a profit.

  • The role of marketing
  • Marketing planning (including introduction to the four Ps)
  • Sales forecasting
  • Market research
  • The four Ps (product, price, promotion, place)
  • The extended marketing mix of seven Ps (HL only)
  • International marketing (HL only)
  • E-commerce

Part 5 Operations Management
This part is concerned with supervising, designing and controlling the procedures of the production process. It is closely involved in all aspects of the production process which is why the term operations management is used interchangeably with that of production.

  • The role of operations management
  • Production methods
  • Lean production and quality management (HL only)
  • Location
  • Production planning (HL only)
  • Research and development (HL only)
  • Crisis management and contingency planning (HL only)


Paper 1 case study Externally Assessed – 35%
Paper 2 questions on all topics Externally Assessed – 40%
Written Commentary (SL) Internally Assessed – 25%
Research Project (HL) Internally Assessed – 25%
  • Exams are written in May of the second year
  • Written commentary (SL Only) is based on a choice of topics from the core syllabus
  • Research project (HL Only) is based on HL specific topics
  • Check Managebac for all major assessment due dates


History  (SL and HL)
Course Guide for Graduates in 2017

History is an exploratory subject that fosters a sense of inquiry. It is also an interpretive discipline, allowing opportunity for engagement with multiple perspectives and a plurality of opinions. Studying history develops an understanding of the past, which leads to a deeper understanding of the nature of humans and of the world today.

The IB Diploma Programme (DP) history course is a world history course based on a comparative and multiperspective approach to history. It involves the study of a variety of types of history, including political, economic, social and cultural, and provides a balance of structure and flexibility. The course emphasizes the importance of encouraging students to think historically and to develop historical skills as well as gaining factual knowledge. It puts a premium on developing the skills of critical thinking, and on developing an understanding of multiple interpretations of history. In this way, the course involves a challenging and demanding critical exploration of the past. (History Guide, pg 6)

Aims/Goals (rewritten from the history guide, pg 11):

• develop an understanding of, and continuing interest in, the past
• encourage students to engage with multiple perspectives and to appreciate the complex nature of historical concepts, issues, events and Developments
• promote international-mindedness through the study of history from more than one region of the world
• develop an understanding of history as a discipline and to develop historical consciousness including a sense of chronology and context, and an understanding of different historical perspectives
• develop key historical skills, including engaging effectively with sources
• increase students’ understanding of themselves and of contemporary society by encouraging reflection on the past.

Course Outline
The topics and options displayed here are representational only – the actual topics chosen may vary between now and Aug 2015, when the course begins.  This is due to the teacher needing to capitalize on areas of expertise.

Prescribed Subject (40 Hours):

Prescribed Topic 1: Rights and Protest

Case Study 1: Civil rights movements in the United States (1954 – 1965) Case Study 2: Apartheid South Africa (1948 – 1964)

Both of these case studies will be looked at for the following three topic areas:

  • Nature and characteristics of discrimination
  • Protest and action
  • The role and significance of key actors/groups

20th Century World history topics (90 Hours):
For this section of the Syllabus, 2 topics must be chosen by the teacher.  The topics must cover at least 2 regions of the globe.  Students need to understand the chronology of the topics as they study them. For each topic, the points must be studied through the lens of the material for detailed study listed.

Topic 4: Societies in Transition (1400 – 1700)

  • Social and economic change
  • Cultural and intellectual change
  • Religious change

Material for Detail Study (Some of these Examples will be used):

  • The Americas: treatment of indigenous peoples in the Americas; transatlantic trade; impact of slavery on economy and society in the Americas
  • Europe: the Renaissance; the Enlightenment; Gutenburg printing press (1450); decline of feudalism; the Spanish Inquisition; the Reformation and Catholic Reformation; impact of inventions such as new navigational instruments; impact of scientific pioneers such as Copernicus, Kepler, Newton or Galileo

Topic 10: Authoritarian States (20th Century)

  • Emergence of authoritarian states
  • Consolidation and maintenance of power
  • Aims and results of policies

Materials for Detailed Study (minimum of three of these will be covered):

  • Asia and Oceania: China—Mao; Indonesia—Sukarno; Pakistan—Zia ul Haq; Cambodia—Pol Pot
  • Europe: Germany—Hitler; USSR—Stalin; Italy—Mussolini; Spain—Franco; Poland—Pilsudski

HL Option (90 Hours):
HL Option 4: History of Europe

This section is completed by HL students only. The teacher chooses one option from those provided by the IB.  Within this HL option, three topics are chosen for study.

  • 5. The Age of Exploration and its impacts (1400 – 1550)
  • 13. Europe and the First World War (1871 – 1918)
  • 14. European states in the inter-war years (1918 – 1939)

Internal Assessment (20 Hours):

Historical Investigation

The investigation is an opportunity for students to demonstrate the application of their skills and knowledge to a historical topic of their choice. The emphasis must be on a specific historical inquiry that enables the student to develop and apply the skills of a historian by selecting and analysing a range of source material and considering diverse perspectives. The activity demands that students search for, select, evaluate and use evidence to reach a relevant conclusion consistent with the evidence and arguments that have been put forward. (History Guide, p 86)



Paper 1 – Prescribed Subject Externally Assessed – 30%
Paper 2 – 5 topics Externally Assessed – 45%
Internal Assessment – Historical Investigation Internally Assessed – 25%



Paper 1 – Prescribed Subject Externally Assessed – 20%
Paper 2 – 5 topics Externally Assessed – 25%
Paper 3 – extended response Externally Assessed – 35%
Internal Assessment – historical investigation Internally Assessed – 20%


  • Paper 1 focuses on questions relevant only to the prescribed Subject, it consists of 4 structured questions about the subject which must all be answered.
  • Paper 2 focuses on information from the topics studied.  Students choose 2 relevant questions to answer for this exam.
  • Paper 3, HL Students only, focuses on the HL option of the syllabus.  Students choose 3 relevant questions to answer for this exam.
  • Check Managebac for all major assessment deadlines.

Economics (SL)

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Economics (HL)

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Psychology (SL)

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Psychology (HL)

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